Orange Shirt Day - 2021-09-30
What is Orange Shirt Day?
September 30 is Orange Shirt Day. It's a day to remember the Indian boarding schools from the past. It's a day to honor the children who were kidnapped and forced to attend those schools. In addition, it's a day to remember those who never returned home. Indian residential schools were established in the early 19th century to assimilate American Indian children by teaching them Euro-American ways. These boarding schools stripped Native American children of their culture, including their language, customs, music, and traditions. In 1879, a Civil War veteran named Lt. Col. Richard Henry Pratt built Carlisle Indian Industrial School in Pennsylvania. Eventually, 29 states would operate 367 schools in the United States. In 1978, the United States passed the Indian Child Welfare Act. The law gave Native American parents the choice to deny placement of their children in schools off the reservations. However, some schools would continue to operate regardless of the law. A terrible tragedy happened to Native American children in the past. Some never returned home, and others were never heard from again. Many of their stories remain untold. Recent excavations found the remains of children on school properties in both Canada and the United States. The process of returning the remains to their original homes has been slow-moving and has been difficult to track.
When is Orange Shirt Day?
Today is September 30th, Orange Shirt Day!
History of Orange Shirt Day
Phyllis Jack Webstad is the founder of Orange Shirt Day, which takes place every year on September 30. She is also the author of several books, including Phyllis’s Orange Shirt.
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